Workshop 1: Closed-Loop Wide Area Applications, Communications, and Security
Abstract: Electric power grids worldwide are getting increasingly stressed each year for a number of factors, including renewable integration and inadequate growth in transmission capacity. Further, the lack of adequate visibility has been a major contributing factor in all recent major blackouts. These factors can partially be mitigated by closed-loop applications, including distributed control and system integrity protection schemes (SIPS). These applications by nature have extreme communications requirements -- latency of 1-2 power cycles, extremely high availability, and sometimes a rate of hundreds of Hz -- across hundreds of miles or more.
This industry-focused workshop will help attendees better understand this brave new world that requires different thinking, protocols, etc. The first session will be a panel session on these kinds of applications. The second session will provide an overview of communications issues needed to support this, including an overview of the emerging (but not fully implemented) NASPInet concept as well as a case study with GridStat. The final session will be on the security issues and mechanisms that are required -- naive (but common) applications of existing security mechanisms such as RSA effectively rule out low enough delivery latencies. As a whole, the attendees will get a concrete glimpse into how and why business as usual will not apply to these new and necessary applications.
Dr. Greg Zweigle, Principal Research Engineer, Schweitzer Engineering Labs Inc.
Applications of Closed-Loop Wide Area Protection and Control
David Bakken, Professor, Washington State University
Communications for Closed-Loop Cyber Physical WAMPAC
Thoshitha Gamage, Research Assistant Professor, Washington State University
Security Issues and Tradeoffs for Closed-Loop WAN Applications
John Reynolds, Chief Architect, Security Fabric Alliance.
The Security Fabric for Critical Infrastructures
(All presenters above)
David Bakken, Washington State University