Cyber-Physical Wide-Area Monitoring, Protection & Control (Cyber-Physical WAMPAC)


Symposium Co-chairs


Carlos S "Santiago" Grijalva, Georgia Tech, USA

Soummya Kar, Carnegie Mellon University, USA

Lars Nordström, KTH, Sweden

Scope and Motivation

The electric power systems that supply modern society with energy are without question the largest machines ever built. Interestingly, the systems are vast not only in terms of geographic distance and amounts of MW transported; they are large also in number of domains they span. In the time-domain, the scale of phenomena ranges from microseconds to days, all playing an equal importance for stability and reliability. From an IT and communication system perspective, they span the domains of real-time embedded controllers to back-office transactions based enterprise systems. Finally in the organizational domain, an interconnected power system spans across several organizational entities, (ISOs, TSOs, DSOs GenCo’s) etc all with their enterprise systems tuned to optimize their individual business operations.

Design of Wide Area Monitoring, Control and Protection (WAMPAC) systems therefore needs to consider the added complexity of crossing organizational and computing domain borders in addition to the complexity imposed by covering large geographic distances. Of course, the WAMPAC systems deal with real-time control of power systems, meaning that the performance of the system is at the core. However the design constraints on the WAMPAC system in terms of the interoperability, cybersecurity and reliability of the organizational and IT architecture it exists within are key to achieve this real-time performance. A challenge remains to integrate such non-functional aspects in design of systems, usually the focus of architectural frameworks such as NIST, SGAM or TOGAF, with the performance focused design of real-time systems. This challenge is at the core of the symposium.


Authors are kindly requested to submit papers that cover a blend of ICT and power system challenges. Submitted papers leaning to much to either side will be viewed less favorably in the review process.

  • WAMPAC architecture and concepts:

    1. Wide Area Monitoring System Architectures
    2. Architecture frameworks (TOGAF, SGAM) and WAMPAC design
    3. NASPI and NASPInet update
    4. PMU-PDC and PDC -PDC communications
  • ​Architectural aspects of Wide Area data exchange

    1. Quality of Service schemes for data delivery
    2. Peer to Peer architectures for real-time data exchange
    3. Overlay networks for data exchange
    4. Middleware for real-time data access
  • WAMPAC dependencies on Communication

    1. Characterizations of power grid dependencies on ICT
    2. Affect on power schemes of performance problems or failures in ICT: message drops, over-budget latencies, complete failures of networking or databases, etc
    3. IEEE 1588 time synchronization and Synchrophasor Applications
    4. SIPS and communications problems
  • Interoperability of WAMPAC systems:

    1. IEEE and IEC Standards Harmonization
    2. IEC 61850 developments for wide-area data exchange
    3. IEEE C37.118 and its revision
    4. IEC 61970 & IEC 61968 (CIM)
    5. Testing Guide (NASPI and IEEE)
  • Control center aspects of WAMPAC

    1. Real time visualization of power systems
    2. State estimation using information of different control centers
    3. Data Mining and analytics
  • Applications of novel WAMPAC architectures

    1. Case studies of novel WAMPAC implementations
    2. Studies of communication system impact on WAMPAC performance
    3. Application of multi-TSO of WAMPAC solutions

TPC Members

David Bakken                               Washington State University, USA
Rakesh Bobba                              University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Zhang Boming                              Tsinghua University, China
Aranya Chakrabortty                     North Carolina State University, USA
Geert Deconinck                           KU Leuven, Belgium

Santiago Grijalva                          Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Gabriela Hug                                Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Soummya Kar                              Carnegie Mellon University, USA
Mladen Kezunovic                       Texas A&M University, USA
Sebastian Lehnhoff                      University of Oldenburg, Germany
Vinod Namboodiri                        Wichita State University, USA
Lars Nordström                            Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Sweden
Christian Rehtanz                        Technical University of Dortmund, Germany

Wenye Wang                               North Carolina State University, USA
Marilyn Wolf                                
Georgia Institute of Technology, USA
Yufeng Xin                                   Renaissance Computing Institute (RENCI), USA
Raphael Caire                             Grenoble-INP, France

Submission Guidelines

Submission deadlines and format requirements are the same for all symposia, see here.
Paper submission needs to be performed through EDAS: